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Indian Languages

The Many Languages of India

map2.gif

The above map is from:
 
 
I do not take credit for this map.

Indian Languages
 
There are around 15-18 recoginized offical dialects in India( around 325 unoffical ones). Some of these languages have long historys, which span further back than Egypt- such as Sanskrit( more than 5,000 years old) or Tamil( more than 3,000 years old). Some of the languages don't have written forms, and are gernally percieved to be different forms or dialects of the same language- ie Hindi.
 
India is renounded for having tribal languages which are spoken by more than 4million people, schools which teach over 58 languages collectively, newpapers which print in 87 languages, radio broadcasts in 71 languages, and films in 15.
 
All these languages fall in four distinct catogaries: Indo-Aryan( based on Sanskrit); Drevidian( based on Tamil); Mon-Khmer( based on an ancient Cambodian Empire); Sino-Tebitian. Indo-European and Drevidian languages are also used by a large majority of the population.
 
Speakers of 54 different languages of the Indo-European family make up about three-quarters of India's population. Twenty Dravidian languages are spoken by nearly a quarter of the people. Speakers of 20 Mon-Khmer languages and 98 Sino-Tibetan languages together make up about 2 per cent of the population.
 
Hindi: The Language of Songs
 
Mother tongue of 180 million people in India, and the second tongue of 300 million.
 
The offical language of India, Hindi is a direct descendant of the mother language Sanskrit. The language has been influenced by numerous other south asian languages such as Dravidian, Middle-Eastern languages such as Arabic and Farsi, and Euopean languages such as English, Portugese and Turkish.
 
This language can, impressively, convey emotions in single words, making it perfect for songs and music. Hindi is often called "the language of songs".
 
Hindi has opened up many other languages in India which are based upon it. These include: Marwari, Braj, Bundeli, Kanauji, Urdu, Chattisgarhi, Bagheli, Avadhi, Bhojpuri.
 
Bengali: The Language of the East
 
Spoken by some 67.2 million people in India, this is the offical dialect of West Bengal, and previosuly East Bengal- Bangladeash. Robindranath Taygore was a famous poet of Bangla, and the Indian National Anthem was orginally written and sung in Bangla.
 
Marathi: The Language of the Deccan 
 
Offical language of Maharashtra( Indian State), it has many dialects including those of: Konkani, Goanese, Deccan, Varhadi, Nagpuri, Ikrani and Gowlan. Marathi is maily spoken in the central parts of India, and by around 64 million people.
 
Oryia:
 
Spoken by over 30 million people( off which 4 million consider it to be their mother language), Oryia is the State language of Orissa( Eastern Coast of India). Oryia is also spoken in Bihar, West Bengal, Assam and Andhra Pradesh.
 
Punjabi:
 
Punjabi is the offical language of the North Indian State of Punjab. Over 30 million people regard this as their mother tongue, and is spoken widely in the western parts of India, including Dehli and Rajisthan.
 
Telugu: Language of the Cyberabad
 
Spoken by over 72 million people worldwide, it is the State language of Andhra Pradesh( East India). It Includes the Telugu script.
 
Malyalam:  
 
State language of the southern state of Kerala, it is spoekn by around 30 million people and is spoken widely in South India, including the states if Tamil Nadu.
 
Kannada: The Language of the Deccan and South India
 
Kannada is the State Language of Karnataka. It's spoken by over 5 Million people worldwide. It's used in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra. It uses Kannada Script.
 
Guajrati: Language of Indian Business Men
 
Guajrati is the state language of Gujarat, an western state of India. More than 60 Million people worldwide consider Gujarati as their first language. Apart from Gujarat, it is widely spoken in the states of Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh.  

Assamese: Language of East India

Assamese is the eastern-most language of the Indo-European family of langauges. It is spoken by about twenty million people in Assam on both banks of the mighty Brahmaputra. It has an illustrious written history going back almost a thousand years. The Assamese language grew out of Sanskrit, the ancient language of the Indian subcontinent. However, its vocabulary, phonology and grammar have been substantially influenced by the original inhabitants of Assam, such as the Boros and the Kacharis.

Assamese is spoken and used in Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh. Also in Bangala Desh & Bhutan. It is state Language of Assam. Assamese uses Bengali script.

Tamil

Language of the Dravidians.

Other Languages of India
 
Here are the 325 recognized Indian Languages( from Mr Gurnek Singh)
 
Agaria, Ahirani, Aimol, Aiton, Anal, Andamanese, Angani, Angika, Ao, Apatani, Arabic, Armenian, Ashing, Assamese, Asuri, Awadhi, Badaga, Baghelkhandi, Bagri, Baigani, Bajania, Balti, Bangni, Banjari, Basturia, Bauria, Bawm, Bazigar Boli, Bengali, Bhanja- bhumia, Bantu, Bharmauri, Bhairi, Bhili, Bhojpuri, Bhotia, Bhuiya, Bhumij, Bhunjia, Biate, Bilaspuri, Birhor, Birjia, Bishnupriya, Bodo, Bokar, Bondo, bori, Braj Bhasha, Brijlal, Bugun, Bundelkhandi, Burmese, Bushari, Chakhesang, Chakma, Chambilai, Chameali, Chang, Changpa, Chattisgarhi, Chikari, Chinali, Chiru, Chote, Churasi, Dalu, Deori, Dhanki, Dhimal, Dhodia, Dhundhari, Didayi, Dimasa, Dingal, Dogri, Dommari, Droskhat/Dokpa, Duhlian-Twang, English, French, Gadaba, Gadiali, Gallong, Gameti, Gamit, Gangte, Garasia, Garhwali, Garo, Giarahi, Gondi, Gujarati, Gujjari, Gurung, Gutob, Hajong, Halam, Halbi, Harauti, Haryanavi, Hebrew, Himachali, Hindi, Hinduri, Hindusthani, Hmar, Ho, Hrusso, Hualngo, Irula, Jabalpuri, Jangali, Jarawa, Jaunsari, Juang, Kabui, Kachanga, Kachari, Kachchi, Kadar, Kagati, Kakbarak, Kanashi, Kangri, Kannada, Karbi, Karen, Karko, Kashmiri, Kathiawari, Khadiboli, Khaka, Khamba, Khampa, Khampti, Khampti-shan, Kharia, Khasi, Khaskura, Khatri, Kherwari, Khiangan, Khorusti, Khotta, Kinnauri, Kiradi, Kisan, Koch, Kodagu, Koi, Koireng, Kokni, Kolami, Kom, Komkar, Konda, Konicha, Konkani, Konyak, Koracha, Koraga, Korava, Korku, Korwa, Kota, Kotwalia, Kudmali, Kui, Kuki, Kulvi, Kumaoni, Kunbi, Kurukh, Kuvi, Ladakhi, Lahauli, Laihawlh, Lakher (Mara), Lalung,Lambani, Lamgang, Laotian, Laria, Lepcha, Limbu, Lisu, Lodha, Lotha, Lushai, Mag, Magahi, Magarkura, Mahal, Maithili, Majhi, Makrani, Malankudi, Malayalam, Malhar, Malto, Malvi, Manchat, Mandiali, Mangari, Mao, Maram, Marathi, Maria, Maring, Marwari, Mavchi, Meitei, Memba, Mewari, Mewati, Milang, Minyong, Miri, Mishing, Mishmi, Mizo, Monpa, Monsang, Moyon, Muduga, Multani, Mundari, Na, Nagari, Nagpuri, Naikadi, Naiki, Nati, Nepali, Nicobarese, Nimari, Nishi, Nocte, Odki, Onge, Oriya, Padam, Pahari, Paharia, Palilibo, Paite, Panchpargania, Pang, Pangi, Pangwali, Parimu, Parji, Paschima, Pasi, Pashto, Pawri, Pengo, Persian, Phom, Pochury, Punchi, Punjabi, Rai (Raikhura), Rajasthani, Ralte, Ramo, Rathi, Rengma, Riang, Sadri, Sajalong, Sambalpuri, Sangtam, Sansi, Santali, Sadra, Saraji, Sarhodi, Saurashtri, Sema, Sentinelese, Shekhawati, Sherdukpen, Sherpa, Shimong, Shina, Shompen, Sikligar, Sindhi, Singpo, Siraji, Sirmauri, Soliga, Sulung, Surajpuri, Tagin, Tai, Tamang, Tamil,Tangam, Tangkhul, Tangsa, Tataotrong, Telugu, Thado, Thar, Tharu, Tibetan, Toda, Toto, Tulu, Urdu, Vaiphei, Varli, Wagri, Wancho, Yereva, Yerukula, Yimchungre, Zakring (Meyer), Zeliang, Zemi,


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